Adi-Kent Thomas Jeffrey: The Bermuda Triangle.
London: Star Books / W. H. Allen & Co., 1975.
(1st ed. was New Hope, PA:
New Hope Publishing, 1973.)
352398280. 143 pp.
The Bermuda Triangle, as is well known,
is an area in the western Atlantic that is supposedly the site of an unusually
large number of unexplained ship and airplane accidents, or, to put it more
accurately, disappearances. Some dispute this claim, saying either that the
number of such accidents is not unusual (given the large amount of traffic in the
area), or that the accidents that are often cited by Triangle supporters
are in fact not really that difficult to explain. The Triangle supporters,
on the other hand, of course claim that something unusual indeed is going
on and cannot be explained otherwise than by this or that kooky paranormal
I personally have no opinion about whether the number of disappearances
in the Triangle is unusually high or not (after all I don't have any data
on this subject), and I can't accept explanations that resort to paranormal
phenomena. I am, however, under the impression that at least some
genuinely unusual and hard-to-explain accidents did take place, and I'm
simply curious about them, although I don't doubt that if an explanation
would eventually be found, it would always turn out to be fairly mundane
rather than paranormal.
Anyway, the golden age of the Bermuda Triangle was, unsurprisingly, the 1970s — a decade
generally noted for its fascination with the paranormal. That's when the
best-known book on the subject was published, The Bermuda Triangle (1975)
by Charles Berlitz.
I read it quite some time ago, several times in fact, and enjoyed it tremendously.
Of course you cannot take Berlitz' explanations in the least bit seriously — the
Atlantis, Edgar Cayce, UFOs,
the Philadelphia Experiment, time travel,
nothing is too flaky for him to consider as a possible explanation for the
Triangle incidents. But regardless of that, his book was a great read,
and his descriptions of the airplane and ship disappearances were quite
chilling and often made me afraid to go to sleep afterwards, small child that I was
at the time. Anyway, after that I've read several other books in this genre:
Without a Trace, Berlitz' 1977 sequel to The Bermuda Triangle;
then Gian Quasar's Into
the Bermuda Triangle (2003 — one of the few recent books on the subject);
and now Adi-Kent Jeffrey's The Bermuda Triangle. I think this
genre is best thought of as a shifty cousin of science fiction, except that it's
marketed as fact :)
The main difference between Jeffrey's book and those by Berlitz and Quasar
is that she spends much more time on describing the incidents and less
on dreaming up ridiculous paranormal explanations. This, in principle,
is a very good thing — paranormal theories are easy to come by;
what makes a Triangle book really interesting for me is the descriptions
of the unexplained disappearances of ships and airplanes.
However, many of the disappearances described in this book are
of ships from the age of sail. Inevitably, if a ship two hundred years
ago went off to the sea and was never heard of again, it's hard to
convince oneself that this must be due to some unusual or unknown
phenomenon. Surely a simple storm or something of that sort is quite
sufficient in most cases. In an age without radio and other modern technologies,
months might pass before anyone would notice that the ship is missing,
and nobody would have any idea where to look for its flotsam.
Jeffrey tries to connect the incidents she describes to the Triangle
by saying that if the ships in question had simply perished in a storm,
somebody would certainly have to have found some wreckage at some point,
but I'm not quite so sure of that.
Some of these early disappearances, which she describes in considerable
detail, include: the Venture (1609), a boat carrying some shipwreck survivors originally
travelling to Virginia (ch. 1);
three Spanish galleons, disappearing in 1750 after being separated from the
rest of their convoy by a storm (ch. 2);
the 1813 disappearance of the Patriot, one of its passengers being
the daughter of the former U.S. vice-president, Aaron Burr (ch. 3;
in the subsequent decades, many a former pirate claimed on his deathbed
that it was he that had put Theodosia to death after the capture of the Patriot);
the 1814 disappearance of a U.S. Navy ship, the Wasp,
led by captain Blakeley,
renowned for his courage (ch. 4).
Another disappointing story where you really have to stretch things very far
to make it seem mysterious is from 1973: “the huge 13,000 ton German
freighter, Anita, laden with a cargo of coal, steamed out of
Newport News, Virginia, headed for Germany. She never made it.
The Anita, like so many before her,
was swept into oblivion with her crew of 32 men.”
(P. 62.) Where the heck do we have any evidence that this
even happened near the Triangle (rather than e.g. halfway across the Atlantic)?
Or that the explanation wasn't something more mundane? At least she
should write more details if she thinks there is reason to believe
that the more obvious explanations wouldn't work here.
She briefly mentions the Cyclops (p. 61), but without much detail.
For a longer version of this delightful yarn, see this
account on Gian Quasar's web page.
There's a nice story of the Porta Noca, a ship that sailed from the
Isle of Pines in 1926 and
disappeared; told by one Rad Miller who, had he not changed his mind in the last moment,
would himself have been a passenger on it (pp. 63–5).
There's also the story of the famous Joshua Slocum
and his disappearance in 1909 (pp. 66–70). The Revonoc (1958; p. 70) and the Witchcraft (1967; p. 76)
are two classic Triangle disappearances. There's also the Enchantress (1964, pp. 73–5),
which I don't remember from Berlitz.
There's a nice chapter on the ‘ghost ships’ (ch. 6),
the most well-known ones probably being the
and the Carroll A. Deering.
But a far more bizarre story involves La Dahama, found in 1935 by another ship;
she was in poor condition and unmanned. The bizarre thing is that another ship subsequently
reported that she had encountered the Dahama during a storm, rescued its crewmembers
and then saw the Dahama founder in front of their very eyes!
The chapter 7 on airplane incidents mentions all the well-known ones:
the Flight 19, the Martin Mariner and the
Star Tiger and Star Ariel.
However, it also mentions an interesting disappearance that I don't
remember reading about yet: in the summer of 1945, two out of a squadron of twelve
bombers failed to return from a training flight, for reasons unknown (pp. 91–3).
There's also chapter 8 about the Devil's Sea,
an area near Japan supposedly noted for disappearances similar to those in the Bermuda Triangle.
It also mentions Ivan Sanderson's well-known theory that there are ten or twelve such
areas around the world (pp. 116–17, including “one unique region of ‘land-deadliness’ — Afghanistan”), but curiously it doesn't mention Sanderson's
own impressively silly term for these areas — Vile
Ch. 9 is particularly interesting — it's about submarines,
which tend to be somewhat neglected in the Triangle lore.
A large nuclear sub, the Scorpion, disappeared
in 1968. However, unlike in many such ‘disappearances’, the sub
was later found — the U.S. Navy took pictures of it on the bottom
of the ocean, but they were unable to determine what caused it to sink (p. 126).
Ch. 10 briefly describes various more or less wacky explanations
that have been suggested for the Triangle disappearances: “atmospheric
‘sleeves’ ” and other curious quirks in the
fabric of space-time; magnetic aberrations; time travel; UFOs.
There's an excellent story on pp. 138–40 of an airplane
who had, in 1961, a brush with an antique-looking WW1-style biplane.
Soon afterwards, just such a biplane was found in a nearby barn, scratched just
where it should have been given the above-mentioned near-collision;
and, as an added bonus, it contained an old logbook with an entry, dated
sometime in the 1910s, in which the horrified pilot described his near-collision
with an unusually futuristic and metallic airplane. Any yet those
spoilsports at the Civil Aeronautics Board had the guts to say that it was
all a hoax!
The author has to be commended, however: she cites, in this chapter,
a number of articles with very scientific-sounding titles. She
even includes the names of the authors (but not the names of the journals).
Anyway, of course if one took the trouble to follow these articles up,
it might turn out that they are either wacky or that they are sober but
don't say anything that supports the wacky theories mentioned in this book;
but at least she cites something — which is much more than you can
say for most books on this subject.
So, what to say at the end? On the plus side, the proportion of
the book dedicated to describing incidents rather than offering silly ‘explanations’
and theories is much higher than in the case of Berlitz (and Quasar).
Jeffrey describes many incidents not mentioned in those other two authors.
Another plus: she manages to affect, much of the time, a tone more
sober and reasonable than I would have dared to expect in the average
Bermuda Triangle book. I don't mean to say that the succeeds in resisting
the lure of paranormal explanations — far from that, but at least
much of the time she keeps them decently in the background.
On the downside, many of her incidents are ships from the age of sail
and as such not very convincing. Additionally, the book is very short (143 pages,
easily read in a single sitting) and contains lots of typos. And, ridiculously,
the back cover says “16-page section of exclusive photographs” — and then most of them
are from Culver Pictures
and UPI... :)
One more thing, which can be either a plus or a minus depending on
how you look at it: she often describes the incidents in a way that would
be more appropriate in a work of fiction, i.e. she includes the details of
what the people involved did or said even in cases where it's quite clear
that she can have no firm proof that this is really how it happened — i.e.
she's just making it up based on what seems the most likely to have happened.
On the one hand, this is a tad dishonest; on the other hand, it makes for
a better read, the whole thing's just hokum anyway, and besides, if it
was OK for Thucydides, why not for Jeffrey?
Anyway, I don't regret reading this book, and if you are also a Triangle
enthusiast like me, you'll probably enjoy it too. And I'm looking forward
to reading still more books on the Triangle.
Other classic books about the Bermuda Triangle — see the
Wikipedia page for a list.
Larry Kusche's The Bermuda Triangle Mystery — Solved (1975),
a debunking of many well-known Triangle incidents.
However, see also this page by Gian Quasar,
which, if true, suggests that there are many serious errors in Kusche's book.
amazon.com mentions several other books by Adi-Kent Jeffrey,
also on paranormal subjects: Witches and Wizards; They dared
the Devil's Triangle; and Ghosts in the Valley:
True Hauntings In the Delaware Valley (this last one even has
a sequel, both published in 2007, so apparently she is still
alive and kicking).
See also this interesting web site with
a compilation of data about the various disappearances often associated
with the Bermuda Triangle. Among other things, it lists exactly which books mention
Labels: Bermuda Triangle, books, paranormal